Operationalising the Ideas of Justice in Forest Governance: An Analysis of Community Forestry and REDD+ Processes in Nepal

By Poshendra Satyal.

Published by The International Journal of Environmental, Cultural, Economic and Social Sustainability: Annual Review

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Published online: May 30, 2017 Free Download

The aim of this paper is to consider the ways in which ideas of justice are applied in the national context of policy design and practice of forest management in Nepal. Concerns about justice have become increasingly prominent in forest management objectives across a range of governance initiatives—from state-controlled forests to community forestry and REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation) development. However, there remains a considerable gap between theoretical and public conceptions of justice as to its institutionalisation and practical operationalisation. With a detailed case study of Nepal’s community forestry and REDD+ processes, this paper analyses whether and how the ideas of justice are applied in forest governance. In particular, it assesses justice implications of policy processes and outcomes, including the Forest Act (1993), Forestry Sector Strategy (2014), Forest Policy (2015), and REDD+ Strategy (First Draft, 2015) and discusses the opportunities and challenges of addressing issues of justice and forest peoples’ rights through community forestry and REDD+ in Nepal. In so doing, this paper also draws some useful insights on how to link twin agendas of justice and sustainability in forest management.

Keywords: Justice, Rights, Forest Policy, Community Forestry, REDD+, Nepal

The International Journal of Environmental, Cultural, Economic, and Social Sustainability: Annual Review, Volume 13, 2017, pp.1-19. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Published online: May 30, 2017 (Article: Electronic (PDF File; 963.902KB)).

Dr. Poshendra Satyal

Senior Research Associate, School of International Development, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK